139 In-Depth Security Assessment and Testing Questions for Professionals

What is involved in Security Assessment and Testing

Find out what the related areas are that Security Assessment and Testing connects with, associates with, correlates with or affects, and which require thought, deliberation, analysis, review and discussion. This unique checklist stands out in a sense that it is not per-se designed to give answers, but to engage the reader and lay out a Security Assessment and Testing thinking-frame.

How far is your company on its Security Assessment and Testing journey?

Take this short survey to gauge your organization’s progress toward Security Assessment and Testing leadership. Learn your strongest and weakest areas, and what you can do now to create a strategy that delivers results.

To address the criteria in this checklist for your organization, extensive selected resources are provided for sources of further research and information.

Start the Checklist

Below you will find a quick checklist designed to help you think about which Security Assessment and Testing related domains to cover and 139 essential critical questions to check off in that domain.

The following domains are covered:

Security Assessment and Testing, Security testing, Access control, Antivirus software, Application security, Computer access control, Computer crime, Computer security, Computer virus, Computer worm, Data-centric security, Denial of service, False positives and false negatives, Information security, Information system, Internet security, Intrusion detection system, Intrusion prevention system, Logic bomb, Mobile secure gateway, Mobile security, Multi-factor authentication, National Information Assurance Glossary, Network security, Penetration test, Secure coding, Security-focused operating system, Security by design, Trojan horse, Vulnerability assessment:

Security Assessment and Testing Critical Criteria:

Huddle over Security Assessment and Testing engagements and tour deciding if Security Assessment and Testing progress is made.

– How do we make it meaningful in connecting Security Assessment and Testing with what users do day-to-day?

– What are all of our Security Assessment and Testing domains and what do they do?

– Who needs to know about Security Assessment and Testing ?

Security testing Critical Criteria:

Trace Security testing tasks and pay attention to the small things.

– IDS/IPS traffic pattern analysis can often detect or block attacks such as a denial-of-service attack or a network scan. However, in some cases this is legitimate traffic (such as using cloud infrastructure for load testing or security testing). Does the cloud provider have a documented exception process for allowing legitimate traffic that the IDS/IPS flags as an attack pattern?

– what is the best design framework for Security Assessment and Testing organization now that, in a post industrial-age if the top-down, command and control model is no longer relevant?

– What are the usability implications of Security Assessment and Testing actions?

– How much does Security Assessment and Testing help?

Access control Critical Criteria:

Survey Access control projects and prioritize challenges of Access control.

– Are information security policies, including policies for access control, application and system development, operational, network and physical security, formally documented?

– Can the access control product protect individual devices (e.g., floppy disks, compact disks–read-only memory CD-ROM, serial and parallel interfaces, and system clipboard)?

– If our security management product supports access control based on defined rules, what is the granularity of the rules supported: access control per user, group, or role?

– Access control: Are there appropriate controls over access to PII when stored in the cloud so that only individuals with a need to know will be able to access it?

– If data need to be secured through access controls (e.g. password-protected network space), how will they be applied?

– Do access control logs contain successful and unsuccessful login attempts and access to audit logs?

– Is the process actually generating measurable improvement in the state of logical access control?

– Access control: Are there appropriate access controls over PII when it is in the cloud?

– Can we do Security Assessment and Testing without complex (expensive) analysis?

– Access Control To Program Source Code: Is access to program source code restricted?

– What is the direction of flow for which access control is required?

– Should we call it role based rule based access control, or rbrbac?

– Do the provider services offer fine grained access control?

– Why should we adopt a Security Assessment and Testing framework?

– What type of advanced access control is supported?

– What access control exists to protect the data?

– What is our role based access control?

– Who determines access controls?

Antivirus software Critical Criteria:

Refer to Antivirus software goals and reinforce and communicate particularly sensitive Antivirus software decisions.

– What are your results for key measures or indicators of the accomplishment of your Security Assessment and Testing strategy and action plans, including building and strengthening core competencies?

– Who is the main stakeholder, with ultimate responsibility for driving Security Assessment and Testing forward?

Application security Critical Criteria:

Track Application security management and adopt an insight outlook.

– How do we measure improved Security Assessment and Testing service perception, and satisfaction?

– Are assumptions made in Security Assessment and Testing stated explicitly?

– Who Is Responsible for Web Application Security in the Cloud?

– How can the value of Security Assessment and Testing be defined?

Computer access control Critical Criteria:

Illustrate Computer access control management and work towards be a leading Computer access control expert.

– How do your measurements capture actionable Security Assessment and Testing information for use in exceeding your customers expectations and securing your customers engagement?

– What are the short and long-term Security Assessment and Testing goals?

– What will drive Security Assessment and Testing change?

Computer crime Critical Criteria:

Distinguish Computer crime issues and inform on and uncover unspoken needs and breakthrough Computer crime results.

– What tools and technologies are needed for a custom Security Assessment and Testing project?

– Will Security Assessment and Testing deliverables need to be tested and, if so, by whom?

– Who sets the Security Assessment and Testing standards?

Computer security Critical Criteria:

Deliberate over Computer security management and look at it backwards.

– What are your current levels and trends in key measures or indicators of Security Assessment and Testing product and process performance that are important to and directly serve your customers? how do these results compare with the performance of your competitors and other organizations with similar offerings?

– Does your company provide end-user training to all employees on Cybersecurity, either as part of general staff training or specifically on the topic of computer security and company policy?

– Will the selection of a particular product limit the future choices of other computer security or operational modifications and improvements?

– How do we know that any Security Assessment and Testing analysis is complete and comprehensive?

– Have you identified your Security Assessment and Testing key performance indicators?

Computer virus Critical Criteria:

Face Computer virus outcomes and shift your focus.

– A compounding model resolution with available relevant data can often provide insight towards a solution methodology; which Security Assessment and Testing models, tools and techniques are necessary?

Computer worm Critical Criteria:

Debate over Computer worm risks and grade techniques for implementing Computer worm controls.

– Do we aggressively reward and promote the people who have the biggest impact on creating excellent Security Assessment and Testing services/products?

– Do you monitor the effectiveness of your Security Assessment and Testing activities?

Data-centric security Critical Criteria:

Cut a stake in Data-centric security projects and look in other fields.

– Does Security Assessment and Testing include applications and information with regulatory compliance significance (or other contractual conditions that must be formally complied with) in a new or unique manner for which no approved security requirements, templates or design models exist?

– Among the Security Assessment and Testing product and service cost to be estimated, which is considered hardest to estimate?

– What are the business goals Security Assessment and Testing is aiming to achieve?

– What is data-centric security and its role in GDPR compliance?

Denial of service Critical Criteria:

Explore Denial of service planning and acquire concise Denial of service education.

– An administrator is concerned about denial of service attacks on their virtual machines (vms). what is an effective method to reduce the risk of this type of attack?

– How easy would it be to lose your service if a denial of service attack is launched within your cloud provider?

– What ability does the provider have to deal with denial of service attacks?

– Is Security Assessment and Testing Required?

False positives and false negatives Critical Criteria:

Distinguish False positives and false negatives visions and ask what if.

– Are there any easy-to-implement alternatives to Security Assessment and Testing? Sometimes other solutions are available that do not require the cost implications of a full-blown project?

– What are the Key enablers to make this Security Assessment and Testing move?

Information security Critical Criteria:

Test Information security governance and correct better engagement with Information security results.

– Has the organization established an Identity and Access Management program that is consistent with requirements, policy, and applicable guidelines and which identifies users and network devices?

– Do suitable policies for the information security exist for all critical assets of the value added chain (indication of completeness of policies, Ico )?

– If a survey was done with asking organizations; Is there a line between your information technology department and your information security department?

– Is the risk assessment approach defined and suited to the ISMS, identified business information security, legal and regulatory requirements?

– Do we have an official information security architecture, based on our Risk Management analysis and information security strategy?

– Is there an up-to-date information security awareness and training program in place for all system users?

– Have standards for information security across all entities been established or codified into law?

– Does your organization have a chief information security officer (ciso or equivalent title)?

– Is there a consistent and effective approach applied to the mgmt of information security events?

– Ensure that the information security procedures support the business requirements?

– What is true about the trusted computing base in information security?

– Is there a business continuity/disaster recovery plan in place?

– Does mgmt establish roles and responsibilities for information security?

– Are damage assessment and disaster recovery plans in place?

– Is information security an it function within the company?

– How do we Lead with Security Assessment and Testing in Mind?

Information system Critical Criteria:

Illustrate Information system adoptions and triple focus on important concepts of Information system relationship management.

– Have we developed a continuous monitoring strategy for the information systems (including monitoring of security control effectiveness for system-specific, hybrid, and common controls) that reflects the organizational Risk Management strategy and organizational commitment to protecting critical missions and business functions?

– On what terms should a manager of information systems evolution and maintenance provide service and support to the customers of information systems evolution and maintenance?

– Has your organization conducted a cyber risk or vulnerability assessment of its information systems, control systems, and other networked systems?

– Are information security events and weaknesses associated with information systems communicated in a manner to allow timely corrective action to be taken?

– Would an information systems (is) group with more knowledge about a data production process produce better quality data for data consumers?

– Are information systems and the services of information systems things of value that have suppliers and customers?

– What does the customer get from the information systems performance, and on what does that depend, and when?

– What are the principal business applications (i.e. information systems available from staff PC desktops)?

– Why Learn About Security, Privacy, and Ethical Issues in Information Systems and the Internet?

– What are information systems, and who are the stakeholders in the information systems game?

– What vendors make products that address the Security Assessment and Testing needs?

– How secure -well protected against potential risks is the information system ?

– Is unauthorized access to information held in information systems prevented?

– What does integrity ensure in an information system?

– Is authorized user access to information systems ensured?

– How are our information systems developed ?

Internet security Critical Criteria:

Collaborate on Internet security strategies and innovate what needs to be done with Internet security.

– Will Security Assessment and Testing have an impact on current business continuity, disaster recovery processes and/or infrastructure?

– How do we keep improving Security Assessment and Testing?

Intrusion detection system Critical Criteria:

Track Intrusion detection system management and look at it backwards.

– Can intrusion detection systems be configured to ignore activity that is generated by authorized scanner operation?

– Who will be responsible for documenting the Security Assessment and Testing requirements in detail?

– What is a limitation of a server-based intrusion detection system (ids)?

– How do we maintain Security Assessment and Testings Integrity?

Intrusion prevention system Critical Criteria:

Bootstrap Intrusion prevention system goals and pay attention to the small things.

– Marketing budgets are tighter, consumers are more skeptical, and social media has changed forever the way we talk about Security Assessment and Testing. How do we gain traction?

– Are security alerts from the intrusion detection or intrusion prevention system (ids/ips) continuously monitored, and are the latest ids/ips signatures installed?

– What potential environmental factors impact the Security Assessment and Testing effort?

– Is a intrusion detection or intrusion prevention system used on the network?

– Are there recognized Security Assessment and Testing problems?

Logic bomb Critical Criteria:

Investigate Logic bomb engagements and simulate teachings and consultations on quality process improvement of Logic bomb.

– What are your key performance measures or indicators and in-process measures for the control and improvement of your Security Assessment and Testing processes?

– What is the total cost related to deploying Security Assessment and Testing, including any consulting or professional services?

– Do the Security Assessment and Testing decisions we make today help people and the planet tomorrow?

Mobile secure gateway Critical Criteria:

Nurse Mobile secure gateway issues and balance specific methods for improving Mobile secure gateway results.

– How will you measure your Security Assessment and Testing effectiveness?

Mobile security Critical Criteria:

Analyze Mobile security risks and define what do we need to start doing with Mobile security.

– What are our best practices for minimizing Security Assessment and Testing project risk, while demonstrating incremental value and quick wins throughout the Security Assessment and Testing project lifecycle?

– Do several people in different organizational units assist with the Security Assessment and Testing process?

Multi-factor authentication Critical Criteria:

Categorize Multi-factor authentication tactics and look in other fields.

– Does Security Assessment and Testing analysis show the relationships among important Security Assessment and Testing factors?

– Does remote server administration require multi-factor authentication of administrative users for systems and databases?

– Is multi-factor authentication supported for provider services?

– Is the scope of Security Assessment and Testing defined?

National Information Assurance Glossary Critical Criteria:

Canvass National Information Assurance Glossary results and sort National Information Assurance Glossary activities.

– At what point will vulnerability assessments be performed once Security Assessment and Testing is put into production (e.g., ongoing Risk Management after implementation)?

Network security Critical Criteria:

Canvass Network security tasks and frame using storytelling to create more compelling Network security projects.

– Do we Make sure to ask about our vendors customer satisfaction rating and references in our particular industry. If the vendor does not know its own rating, it may be a red flag that youre dealing with a company that does not put Customer Service at the forefront. How would a company know what to improve if it had no idea what areas customers felt were lacking?

– Think about the people you identified for your Security Assessment and Testing project and the project responsibilities you would assign to them. what kind of training do you think they would need to perform these responsibilities effectively?

– Are the disaster recovery plan (DRP) and the business contingency plan (BCP) tested annually?

– Is Security Assessment and Testing dependent on the successful delivery of a current project?

– Think of your Security Assessment and Testing project. what are the main functions?

Penetration test Critical Criteria:

Facilitate Penetration test issues and point out improvements in Penetration test.

– Is a vulnerability scan or penetration test performed on all internet-facing applications and systems before they go into production?

– How do mission and objectives affect the Security Assessment and Testing processes of our organization?

– What sources do you use to gather information for a Security Assessment and Testing study?

Secure coding Critical Criteria:

Have a session on Secure coding governance and diversify by understanding risks and leveraging Secure coding.

– Does Security Assessment and Testing appropriately measure and monitor risk?

– What are our Security Assessment and Testing Processes?

Security-focused operating system Critical Criteria:

Do a round table on Security-focused operating system outcomes and triple focus on important concepts of Security-focused operating system relationship management.

– How likely is the current Security Assessment and Testing plan to come in on schedule or on budget?

– How is the value delivered by Security Assessment and Testing being measured?

Security by design Critical Criteria:

Track Security by design adoptions and overcome Security by design skills and management ineffectiveness.

– How do you incorporate cycle time, productivity, cost control, and other efficiency and effectiveness factors into these Security Assessment and Testing processes?

Trojan horse Critical Criteria:

Powwow over Trojan horse management and develop and take control of the Trojan horse initiative.

– What are your most important goals for the strategic Security Assessment and Testing objectives?

Vulnerability assessment Critical Criteria:

Guide Vulnerability assessment tasks and differentiate in coordinating Vulnerability assessment.

– Does your organization perform vulnerability assessment activities as part of the acquisition cycle for products in each of the following areas: Cybersecurity, SCADA, smart grid, internet connectivity, and website hosting?

– At what point will vulnerability assessments be performed once the system is put into production (e.g., ongoing risk management after implementation)?

– Do you have an internal or external company performing your vulnerability assessment?


This quick readiness checklist is a selected resource to help you move forward. Learn more about how to achieve comprehensive insights with the Security Assessment and Testing Self Assessment:


Author: Gerard Blokdijk

CEO at The Art of Service | http://theartofservice.com



Gerard is the CEO at The Art of Service. He has been providing information technology insights, talks, tools and products to organizations in a wide range of industries for over 25 years. Gerard is a widely recognized and respected information expert. Gerard founded The Art of Service consulting business in 2000. Gerard has authored numerous published books to date.

External links:

To address the criteria in this checklist, these selected resources are provided for sources of further research and information:

Security Assessment and Testing External links:

Cissp – Security Assessment And Testing – Cram.com

Security testing External links:

Security Testing | US-CERT

Access control External links:

What is Access Control? – Definition from Techopedia

Linear Pro Access – Professional Access Control Systems

Mercury Security Access Control Hardware & Solutions

Antivirus software External links:

Geek Squad Antivirus Software Download | Webroot

Antivirus Review 2018 – The Best Antivirus Software

Antivirus Software, Internet Security, Spyware and …

Application security External links:

SyncDog | Mobile Application Security – Unleash the …

What is application security? – Definition from WhatIs.com

Application Security Training | Codebashing

Computer access control External links:

Smart Card Technology: New Methods for Computer Access Control

CASSIE – Computer Access Control – librarica.com

Computer crime External links:

Computer crime legal definition of computer crime

“Barney Miller” Computer Crime (TV Episode 1979) – IMDb

Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section …
http://www.justice.gov › … › About The Criminal Division › Sections/Offices

Computer security External links:

Kids and Computer Security | Consumer Information

Naked Security – Computer Security News, Advice and …

GateKeeper – Computer Security Lock | Security for Laptops

Computer virus External links:

New computer virus causes havoc | Daily Mail Online

FixMeStick | The Leading Computer Virus Cleaner

Title: Computer Virus – Internet Speculative Fiction Database

Denial of service External links:

Wisdom of the Crowd Video – Denial of Service – CBS.com

Denial of Service Definition – Computer

False positives and false negatives External links:

Medical False Positives and False Negatives – …

Information security External links:

Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 – NIST


Managed Security Services | Information Security Solutions

Information system External links:

National Motor Vehicle Title Information System (NMVTIS)

[PDF]National Motor Vehicle Title Information System

National Motor Vehicle Title Information System: …

Internet security External links:

Antivirus Software, Internet Security, Spyware and …

Center for Internet Security – Official Site

ZenMate – Internet Security and Privacy at its Best!

Intrusion detection system External links:

Intrusion Detection Systems – CERIAS

[PDF]Section 9. Intrusion Detection Systems

[PDF]Intrusion Detection System Analyzer Protection …

Intrusion prevention system External links:

Wireless Intrusion Prevention System (WIPS) | …

How does an Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) work? – …

Intrusion prevention system
http://Intrusion prevention systems (IPS), also known as intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDPS), are network security appliances that monitor network and/or system activities for malicious activity. The main functions of intrusion prevention systems are to identify malicious activity, log information about this activity, attempt to block/stop it, and report it.

Logic bomb External links:

[PDF]Browse and Read Logic Bomb Logic Bomb logic bomb

Logic Bomb – TV Tropes

Download and Read Logic Bomb Logic Bomb logic bomb

Mobile secure gateway External links:

SeaCat Mobile Secure Gateway – TeskaLabs · Security

Mobile secure gateway – WOW.com

TeskaLabs – Mobile Secure Gateway

Mobile security External links:

Privoro | Mobile Security Products

Mobile Protection, Enterprise Mobile Security – Skycure

McAfee Mobile Security – Official Site

Multi-factor authentication External links:

Multi-Factor Authentication™ | User Portal

National Information Assurance Glossary External links:

National Information Assurance Glossary – WOW.com

Network security External links:

Cloud Harmonics Network Security Training and IT Training

NIKSUN – Network Security and Performance

Institute for Applied Network Security – Official Site

Penetration test External links:

Brenneke Slugs: Wall Penetration Test – YouTube

Cyber Smart Defence | Penetration Test Ethical Hacking …

Secure coding External links:

Secure Coding Education | Manicode Security

Trojan horse External links:

Trojan Horse clip from “Troy” – YouTube

Teachers learn to use math as Trojan horse for social justice

Trojan horse | Greek mythology | Britannica.com

Vulnerability assessment External links:

System Vulnerability Assessment – USPS OIG

External Network Vulnerability Assessment | FRSecure

Delve Labs – Smart Vulnerability Assessment for the …